Centre for Energy Research and Development in collaboration with National Centre for Physics has been awarded a waste to energy Research project under HEC TDF ‘Energy Extraction by Safe Disposal of Municipal Waste Using Nanotechnology’. Project’s need emerged because the disposal of municipal wastes was a major concern for environment and health of the public. The wastes are either disposed off in landfills or recycled. Landfills are increasing both land and water pollution. When this waste meets the ground water, it leads to water contamination. When these wastes are recycled, there emerges a great risk of reuse and transfer of diseases as high temperature melting doesn’t ensure 100 percent disinfection. This project proposes the utilization of catalytic gasification technique to thermally decompose the municipal waste for generation of energy. By doing this not only the landfill and massive transformation of waste can be reduced but also useful fuels can be extracted.
These fuels can be used either for heating purposes or generation of electricity. This will also reduce the practice of direction combustion. Combusting the biomass in open air results in emission of greenhouse gases. By gasification, the municipal will be thermally decomposed with negligible amount of toxic emissions. This project is much beneficial as far as TDF in bridging the industry and academia are concerned as it fills the gap between the two. Why? This is because this project is partially funded by the Industrial partner FSK Pvt. Ltd., both the experts from Academia and Industry are working together in a collaborative manner to make the proposed sustainable and Economic. The modeling and Engineering design experience form Academia and Fabrication and Mass scale experience from Industry when combined together are resulting in success of this Research project. The project has great potential and will help the country to be a knowledgeable Economy. Wastes to Energy plants are installed across the country but mostly these plants are based on biomass. But taking a look on municipal waste to energy plants, there are not any because of the higher capital costs and non-availability in the local market. This project is aimed to develop a conversion plant based on indigenous nous resources and capable to covert municipal wastes. Developing this plant will contribute in the knowledge economy of the country.